IBAN vs SWIFT: Difference, Comparison

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Smart apps that allow you to send money overseas in minutes have made international money transfers simpler than ever. The SWIFT code and the IBAN, however, may be required before you can complete a transfer so the sender may direct the funds to the appropriate recipient. The information that the codes transmit is where the main distinction between the two approaches lies. When doing an international transaction, a SWIFT number is used to identify a certain bank, whereas an IBAN is used to identify a specific bank account. Read more about the difference between IBAN and SWIFT codes. 

IBAN SWIFT Code 
An International Bank Account Number (IBAN) and a Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) code are widely accepted, standardised ways to identify bank accounts when a bank transfer is being made from one nation to another. 
The information that the codes transmit is where the main distinction between the two approaches lies.





When there is a transfer process, a bank is identified by a Swift Code, but an IBAN aids in identifying a specific account connected to the bank when there is an internal money transfer.

When doing an international transaction, a SWIFT number is used to identify a certain bank, whereas an IBAN is used to identify a specific bank account. 



Both SWIFT numbers and IBANs are crucial elements of the procedure by which people are able to send money abroad, and they both contribute significantly to the seamless operation of the global financial industry.

IBAN expressly verifies that the transfer’s specifics are accurate. It has a two-digit country code consisting of digits followed by alphabetic symbols. IBAN is used by the majority of European Union nations to verify international remittances. 

Also, Read: Best Student Bank Account to Open for Study Abroad

About IBAN

An international numbering system known as the IBAN, or International Bank Account Number, was created to identify a bank account located abroad. In cross-border money transfers and other international transactions, the IBAN code aids the sending bank in determining the proper bank to deposit the receiver monies into. The IBAN number starts with two Digit Country Code two numbers, followed by several more alphanumeric characters. 

How Does IBAN Look?

The IBAN code, which can have up to 34 digits, uses the following format to identify the bank account:

  • Two-letter country code,
  • Two numbers and the Basic Bank Account Number (BBAN), which is made up of up to 30 country-specific alphanumeric characters, are used to check the digits (for mistake detection).

How Do You Find Your IBAN Number?

You can typically locate your bank’s IBAN number in an account statement or on the bank’s website. Some European banks also print their IBAN on the bank cards that their customers use. A web-based IBAN tool can be used to confirm this number as well.

Also, Read: Best Bank Accounts for International Students in the USA

About SWIFT Code 

A SWIFT code is a type of Business Identifier Codes (BIC) that is made up of alphanumeric characters. Banks use it to identify a bank, such as Barclays or Santander, and to transfer money internationally. Banks all across the world may send and receive information in a standardized and safe environment thanks to the SWIFT network. 

How does the SWIFT Code look?

IBANs normally use 16-character codes, whereas SWIFT codes commonly use 8 to 11 characters. The bank, nation, location, and branch are all identified by the code. The format of the code is AAAABBCCDDD. The bank code is the first 4 digits. The country code appears as BB. The bank’s headquarters are located in CC, and the branch code is DDD. Some banks will use an 8-digit SWIFT code or append XXX to the end because they lack unique branch codes.

How Do You Find Your Bank’s SWIFT Code?

The SWIFT code for your bank is typically listed on an account statement or on the bank’s website.

Examples of a SWIFT/ IBAN Code

A typical code for messages in the SWIFT system is as follows:

  • BOFAUS3NXXX

In this case, “BOFA” stands for Bank of America N.A., the name of the destination bank. The United States country code is “US,” whereas New York City’s area code is “3N.” The bank’s headquarters are indicated with the optional suffix “XXX”.

A random IBAN for a Turkish account looks like this:

  • TR330006100519786457841326

The letters “TR” in this example denote that the account is situated in Turkey, and the number 33 serves as a checksum to determine whether the rest of the IBAN was written correctly. The recipient’s account number is 0519786457841326, and the recipient’s bank is denoted by the number 00061.

Also, Read: Credit Card for International Students

FAQs

Q1. Why Do I Need an IBAN Number?

Ans. An international bank account number is known as an IBAN. For sending and receiving foreign payments, the number is crucial. While it does not take the place of your account number, it does provide the bank with a distinctive identification during internal transfers. IBAN is an additional bank number that foreign financial institutions use to identify your accounts when processing payments.

Q2. What is the difference between IBAN and SWIFT codes?

Ans Your IBAN specifies the specific bank account you are using for international bank transactions, whereas a SWIFT number indicates a certain bank. To identify foreign bank accounts, the IBAN standard international number system was developed. In addition to your sort code and account number, an IBAN acts as an international bank account number. It begins with an uppercase two-letter country code and is followed by two numbers. It may contain up to 34 characters. IBANs are crucial because they provide supplementary information that makes it easier to identify international payments, including wire transfers to European nations.

Q3. Which Banks use IBAN?

The most widely used protocol for international transfers between members of the Eurozone and its neighbours, including Switzerland, Turkey, Israel, and the United Kingdom, is IBAN. Even though it is less widely utilised than the SWIFT system, IBAN is nevertheless used in other places.

This is all about the Difference Between IBAN and SWIFT code for more such informative blogs follow Leverage Edu

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