What are the 7 Steps of the Loan Origination Process? Read to Know!

loan origination process

This procedure entails steps including assessing a borrower’s creditworthiness, income, and other financial data; figuring out the loan’s size, interest rate, and other terms; and creating and submitting the loan application. It also entails a number of additional stages, including money, documentation, and underwriting.  To compensate for the expense of the work required in the origination process, the lender often levies a loan origination fee that is equivalent to 1% of the loan amount. Read more to know the loan origination process. 

What is Loan Origination Process? 

The process through which a borrower submits an application for a new loan and a lender processes that application is known as loan origination. The process of taking a loan application through the disbursement of cash (or denying the application) is typically referred to as origination. There is a distinct mortgage origination process for mortgages. After the money has been dispersed, everything up until the debt is paid off in full is covered by loan servicing. For financial services organisations, loan origination is a more specialised variant of new account opening. 

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What is the Loan Cycle? 

A loan cycle is the period of time between when a borrower initially applies for a mortgage and when it is eventually repaid to the lender, plus interest. There are six stages in a typical loan cycle. These are:

  • Pre-loan calculations: A set of calculations must be finished before the borrower can begin the loan application procedure.
  • Research: As the market for electronic lending has grown, borrowers now have full access to detailed information about a variety of financial product lines.
  • Application: Although this step seems simple, giving incorrect information on important papers could cause your loan request to be delayed significantly.

Stages of Loan Origination Process 

Here are the loan origination process steps which you need to follow in sequence 

  • Stage 1: Pre-qualification
  • Stage 2: Loan Application
  • Stage 3: Application Processing 
  • Stage 4: Underwriting Process
  • Stage 5: Credit Decision
  • Stage 6: Quality Check
  • Stage 7: Loan Funding  

Explanation of Loan Origination Process Stages

Stage 1: Pre-qualification

The Loan Origination Process begins with this. The prospective borrower will now be given a list of the things they must present to the lender in order to be approved for a loan. This might comprise

  • Voter identification, an AADHAR card, or a PAN card that serves as a confirmation of identity or address.
  • Information about current employment, including a pay stub, credit history, bank statement, and previous loan statements

When the lending firm receives this information, the lender evaluates the paperwork and issues a pre-approval, enabling the borrower to proceed with the loan application procedure.

Stage 2: Loan Application

This comes after the first stage of the loan origination process. The borrower completes the loan application during this phase. This application may occasionally be sent on paper, however, today’s lenders are moving towards an electronic form, making this stage Paperless. With the help of new technology, applications may now be submitted online or through mobile apps, and the data gathered can be tailored to particular loan products.

Stage 3: Application Processing 

Processing describes the administrative tasks necessary to get a loan application ready for an underwriter to go at. Information about the borrower, such as their credit history, income, assets, and liabilities, must be gathered and verified as part of this process. It also entails putting together any required paperwork, including pay stubs, tax returns, and evidence of insurance. Prior to sending the application to the underwriter for examination, the processor is in charge of making sure that all necessary data and paperwork are exact and comprehensive.

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Stage 4: Underwriting Process

The borrower’s creditworthiness, income, assets, and liabilities are all examined during this phase, along with the collateral that will be used to secure the loan. As necessary, the underwriter may also ask for more information or evidence after verifying the information supplied in the loan application. The purpose of underwriting is to establish loan terms and conditions that will reduce the risk of default and assess the likelihood that the borrower will be able to repay the loan.

Stage 5: Credit Decision

An application may be accepted, rejected, or returned to the originator for more information depending on the outcomes of the underwriting process. An automated adjustment in the parameters, such as a smaller loan amount or different interest rates, may occur if specific criteria, as determined by the rule engine built into the system, do not match.

Stage 6: Quality Check

The quality check phase of the loan origination process is crucial for lenders because lending is heavily regulated. The quality control team receives the application and reviews key factors in comparison to internal and external laws and regulations. The application is being reviewed for the last time before financing.

‍Stage 7: Loan Funding  

After the loan agreements are completed, the majority of loans finance quickly. Loans against property, business loans, second mortgage loans, and lines of credit could need more time due to regulatory and legal requirements. LOS can monitor funds and make sure that the appropriate papers are signed prior to or concurrently with funding. Visit AutoCloud- Loan Origination System to see how it may improve customer service and enable loan approval times of under five minutes for your clients.

Loan Origination Automation and its Benefits 

By integrating various systems, providing dependable and consistent data throughout the loan origination process and accelerating the entire process, Loan Origination Automation can help to address these difficulties. At different stages of the loan origination process, including the gathering and verification of borrower information, underwriting, approval, and loan closure, automation may be used.

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Benefits of Loan Origination Automation

There are several benefits of the loan origination process, following are listed below:

  • Increased efficiency
  • Improved accuracy
  • Reduce Cost
  • Improve Customer Experience 
  • Better Compliance 
  • Scalability 

FAQs 

Q1. What is the loan origination process?

Ans. When a borrower applies for a loan, the lender disburses the loan amount after carefully evaluating the borrower through a number of stages, including loan application, loan processing, underwriting, approval or rejection of loan application, and loan disbursement.

Q2. What does origination mean?

Ans. Loan origination is the process through which a prospective borrower applies for a personal mortgage and a lender then processes this application. Briefly put, “Origination” usually refers to all the fundamental actions that take place between the receipt of a mortgage application and the release or rejection of money. There is a specific loan origination process for mortgage loans. Mortgage service comprises all activities up to and through the approval of the loan. For financial institutions, opening a new account is a subset of loan origination. Good instances of mortgage origination include mortgage lenders and other mortgage service providers.

Q3. What is LOS in underwriting?

Ans. In the loan underwriting process, the lender assesses the borrower’s creditworthiness and decides whether to approve or deny financing to the borrower. The use of efficient loan origination software simplifies this phase for loan underwriters greatly.

This is all about loan origination process steps  For any Student Loan, Bank Account or Money related queries, contact Fly. Finance Team.

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